hypersensitivity of the body

An allergy is a hypersensitivity of the body in relation to a particular external stimulus. It can manifest itself in different ways - from rashes to life-threatening condition requiring emergency medical intervention. Recent decades are characterized by progressively increasing the proportion of allergic diseases. One of the modern theories linked this to limit the spread of infectious diseases. This is due to good vaccine prophylactics, antibiotic therapy and improved hygiene. Special role is assigned and pollution from industry and households, passive and active smoking, viral respiratory diseases, obesity.
Can we tell if our child is at risk of developing allergic disease?
There is no reliable marker by which to determine what is the risk for the development of allergy in children. Therefore, the most often used data by the family history. For example, it is assumed that "at risk" children are those where at least one of the parents has established allergic terrain. This is not particularly sensitive marker, since 64% of children with alegichno disease such family history is not known.
Can we prevent your child from developing Allegheny and how?
There have been many studies in order to establish what are the risk factors for the development of allergic disease and what methods of prevention. Here are some of the main conclusions arrived at by the researchers:
1. Dietary restrictions during pregnancy have no deterrent effect. Moreover, most allergenic foods (such as milk, eggs, wheat) are essential for normal fetal development.
2. Breastfeeding is highly recommended since most of the studies supporting its protective effect against the development of allergies. The optimal duration has not been fully studied. Most authors support the view that it should last at least 6 months.
3. avoidance of potential allergens from the mother (such as dairy products, eggs, fish, nuts, meat) during lactation at last unburdened children no proven protective effect. This can increase the risk of developing various diseases due to maternal malnutrition.
4. It is difficult to assess the protective effect of feeding hydrolysed formula. There is evidence that this formula reduces the risk of developing atopic dermatitis in the first year of life. It has not been shown, however, that a systemic, long-lasting protective effect.
5. The issue of whether to avoid intake of cow's milk in the first year of life has a protective effect. For example, some studies have completely restrict dairy products in the first year of life at risk children. Other researchers permit accept them only in the composition of milk cereals after 6 months of age.